danh từ bước đầu tiên, sự khởi đầu, sự khởi xướngto take the initiative in something: dẫn đầu trong câu hỏi gì, làm đầu tàu vào bài toán gì; thủ xướng việc gìlớn have the initiative: có tác dụng dẫn đầu; bao gồm quyền dẫn đầu ý tưởng sáng tạo, óc sáng kiến (quân sự) chũm chủ độnglớn hold the initiative: núm gắng công ty động quyền thủ xướng phương pháp lệ của fan công dân (Thuỵ sĩ...)Lĩnh vực: điện
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Từ điển chuyên ngành Thể thao: Điền kinh

Initiative

Sự dữ thế chủ động, sáng sủa kiến

initiative

Từ điển Collocation

initiative noun

1 new plan

ADJ.

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fresh, new fresh initiatives to find a peaceful kết thúc to the conflict | pioneering pioneering initiatives in bioengineering | current, lademo, recent | important, major | welcome | successful | practical | exciting | private | co-operative sầu, joint | international, local, national, regional | government | business, diplomatic, economic, education/educational, environmental, sale, peace, policy, political, research, training

QUANT. range, series

VERB + INITIATIVE undertake The retìm kiếm initiative sầu is being undertaken by a group of environmentalists. | plan | develop | announce | introduce, launch, phối up, start The government has launched a new policy initiative. | be/become involved in Ten schools have been involved in the initiative sầu. | lead | approve | reject The peace initiative was rejected out of hand. | sponsor a peace initiative sponsored by the Organization of African Unity | endorse, tư vấn The committee endorsed an initiative sầu by the chairman khổng lồ enter discussion about a possible merger. | welcome We welcome the government"s initiative sầu khổng lồ help the homeless. | praise | encourage

INITIATIVE + VERB be aimed at sth, be designed to a local initiative sầu aimed at economic regeneration an initiative sầu designed lớn promote collaborative sầu retìm kiếm | involve sầu sth, relate to lớn sth | founder The initiative foundered because there was no market interest in redevelopment.

PREP. ~ against a new initiative against car theft | ~ by the lakiểm tra initiative sầu by the UN Secretary General | ~ for an initiative sầu for peace & human rights | ~ on the government"s major new initiative on crime > Special page at BUSINESS

2 ability to lớn decide/act independently

ADJ. considerable, great, real | individual, personal, private It is a very hierarchical company & there"s little place for individual initiative sầu. | entrepreneurial

VERB + INITIATIVE have He had the initiative lớn ask what time the last train left. | display, show | act/work on your own, use He acted on his own initiative and wasn"t following orders.

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Don"t ask me what you should vì chưng all the time. Use your initiative! | lachồng | encourage, promote | stifle Raising taxes on small businesses will stifle initiative sầu.

PREPhường. on sb"s ~ The project was mix up on the initiative of a local landowner. | ~ in Some scientists show little initiative in applying their knowledge.

PHRASES a laông xã of initiative, on your own initiative sầu In an unprecedented action, the army, on its own initiative, arrested seven civilians.

3 the initiative: opportunity khổng lồ gain an advantage

VERB + INITIATIVE have sầu, hold After their lachạy thử setback, the rebel forces no longer hold the initiative sầu. | gain, seize, take | regain In the second half, Manchester United regained the initiative sầu. | đại bại

INITIATIVE + VERB comes from sb/sth, lie with sb The initiative lớn re-open negotiations came from Moscow.

PREP. ~ in She took the initiative sầu in asking the board to conduct an enquiry.

Từ điển WordNet

n.

readiness khổng lồ embark on bold new ventures; enterprise, enterprisingness, go-aheadthe first of a series of actions; first step, opening move, opening

adj.

serving to lớn set in motion; inaugural, initiatory, first, maiden

the magazine"s inaugural issue

the initiative sầu phase in the negotiations

an initiatory step toward a treaty

his first (or maiden) speech in Congress

the liner"s maiden voyage

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